IoTDataPlane / Client / publish



Publishes an MQTT message.

Requires permission to access the Publish action.

For more information about MQTT messages, see MQTT Protocol in the IoT Developer Guide.

For more information about messaging costs, see Amazon Web Services IoT Core pricing - Messaging.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.publish(
  • topic (string) –


    The name of the MQTT topic.

  • qos (integer) – The Quality of Service (QoS) level. The default QoS level is 0.

  • retain (boolean) –

    A Boolean value that determines whether to set the RETAIN flag when the message is published.

    Setting the RETAIN flag causes the message to be retained and sent to new subscribers to the topic.

    Valid values: true | false

    Default value: false

  • payload (bytes or seekable file-like object) –

    The message body. MQTT accepts text, binary, and empty (null) message payloads.

    Publishing an empty (null) payload with retain = true deletes the retained message identified by topic from Amazon Web Services IoT Core.

  • userProperties (JSON serializable) –

    A JSON string that contains an array of JSON objects. If you don’t use Amazon Web Services SDK or CLI, you must encode the JSON string to base64 format before adding it to the HTTP header. userProperties is an HTTP header value in the API.

    The following example userProperties parameter is a JSON string which represents two User Properties. Note that it needs to be base64-encoded:

    [{"deviceName": "alpha"}, {"deviceCnt": "45"}]

  • payloadFormatIndicator (string) – An Enum string value that indicates whether the payload is formatted as UTF-8. payloadFormatIndicator is an HTTP header value in the API.

  • contentType (string) – A UTF-8 encoded string that describes the content of the publishing message.

  • responseTopic (string) – A UTF-8 encoded string that’s used as the topic name for a response message. The response topic is used to describe the topic which the receiver should publish to as part of the request-response flow. The topic must not contain wildcard characters.

  • correlationData (string) – The base64-encoded binary data used by the sender of the request message to identify which request the response message is for when it’s received. correlationData is an HTTP header value in the API.

  • messageExpiry (integer) – A user-defined integer value that represents the message expiry interval in seconds. If absent, the message doesn’t expire. For more information about the limits of messageExpiry, see Amazon Web Services IoT Core message broker and protocol limits and quotas from the Amazon Web Services Reference Guide.